Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Descartes and exploration the reality of the exist - Free Essay Example

In the Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes speaks through the mind of the meditator and explores the reality of the existence of God and all things. At the end of the Second Meditation, Descartes concludes that because he is doubting his existence, he is therefore thinking, meaning that he exists. This conclusion pushes Descartes to explore if all thoughts and realities perceived by the mind are true or false. Descartes divisions of the mind include the theory of a materially false idea, which proves that an idea can contain some falsity. Descartes uses this claim to discredit intellect and prove that we can recognize error. Although Descartes only scratches the surface of material falsity in the Third Meditation, he explains it further in his response to Arnaulds objections Concerning God. His answer admits that the Third Meditation is inconsistent with the intended meaning. There are evident flaws in his argument including his use of examples and the unclear ideas his theory is based on. Descartes begins the Third Meditation by realizing that although he can think ideas, there has to be a source of power that gives him the ability to do so. The only possibility is a form of God because his unlimited power allows him to control what the meditator can perceive. In order to prove the idea of God, Descartes first chooses to classify his thoughts into definite kinds and asks which of them can bring truth and falsity (CSM II 25). The three types of ideas created are innate and adventitious, which are ideas that are foreign to the meditator, and ideas invented by the meditator himself. Descartes notices that in order for him to recognize or create an idea, he must ask how he knows what these things are. They are not produced by will nor do they only depend on the meditator. These ideas exist externally and are known for existing in formal reality. For an idea to contain formal reality, the mediator has to perceive the object through his senses and then pass judgment on what it may be. The representation of that judgment or idea in the mind is known as objective reality. Descartes uses the example of the Sun to demonstrate this notion. When the meditator looks at the Sun in formal reality, it is small. But in objective reality, the Sun is understood as being infinitely larger than the Earth. Neither representation is entirely accurate, but the mind has the knowledge to know this. Although the meditator is not u sing reliable judgment but a blind impulse to see the Sun, it is still represented in both objective and formal reality, making it exist. This conclusion leads Descartes to question the origin of ideas in objective reality. To begin finding his answer, he defines the relationship between formal and objective reality through the example of heat. Heat can be produced in space outside of the intellect of the meditator, however, one must have the idea of heat in order to know what he is experiencing at the moment is heat. Therefore, an idea must have some form of objective reality in order to have any formal reality. Heat can take multiple forms through fire or radiation in formal reality, but the primary idea of heat can only be present objectively. The source of these original ideas can only come from a more perfect and all-powerful being known as God, but Descartes struggles with the falsity of ideas because he cannot differentiate between ideas that originate from him and from God. In order to find this answer, Descartes tries to discredit his own ideas by finding any falsity in them. Formal falsity is sourced from judgments, but Descartes discovers that there is also material falsity in ideas which mistakes non-things for things. To further his examination on material falsity, Descartes employs the example of heat again and compares it with cold. Tactile qualities such as light, color, sound, heat, and cold are all confused and obscure because they all contain very little clarity or distinctive qualities. It is difficult to tell whether cold is the absence of heat, heat is the absence of cold, both are real, or both are false. Descartes answers this question through the notion that there can be no ideas which are not as it w ere of things, and ideas being like images, must in each case appear to us to represent something. (CSM II 30) Heat can appear to the meditators senses through fire, therefore making it more of a substance than cold. Cold is then only the absence of heat, however, to the mind, it is represented as something positive. This miscorrelation means that there is an inconsistency in the human mind. If a positive idea is sourced from nothing, this means the meditator cannot distinguish this idea from a non-thing, however, if the meditator realizes he is making this mistake, it means there is a more perfect being allowing him this vision. Descartes slightly contradicts himself in the development of this argument. Just as darkness is sourced from negating light, so is the infinite by negating finite, however, as Descartes mentioned before, we cannot make the absence of something a positive idea. Descartes clarifies that the infinite has more reality than a finite substance, making his perception of God prior to the perception of himself. God is prior because Descartes is able to recognize that he is lacking something, meaning that he understands the existence of a more perfect being who has given him the ability to do so, similar to the ability to doubt or think. A finite substance, such as the meditator, only is able to recognize an infinite substance because Gods power can never be fully understood. This distinction between the finite and infinite proves that the meditator cannot apply material falsity to infinite objects because he will never know how the infinite is truly represented since it can only exist in objective reality, which is unlike his ability to see light and darkness in form al reality. Descartes now has absolute certainty that God is true to the highest degree because it passes the test of material falsity (CSM II 31). Arnauld is unsatisfied by this conclusion and believes that Descartes is inconsistent with materially false ideas and his own principles. To clarify his issue, Arnauld uses the example of heat and cold. As stated earlier, Descartes believes that since cold is represented as a positive thing, it must be materially false because it is actually the absence of heat. Arnauld refutes Descartes notion by claiming that it is not possible for there to be a positive idea of cold if it is an absence, therefore Descartes is confused between an idea and a judgment. Cold as the absence of heat is only a judgment, but the idea of cold still exists objectively in the mind. Any idea that has an objective existence must be positive and therefore, cold cannot only be an absence. Arnaulds argument is confirmed by Descartes proof of God because God is also something that the meditator cannot see but also something he cannot pretend doesnt exist. Descartes can say that cold is materially false, but it is still impossible to pretend that it doesnt exist because an idea is positive through the objective existence which it contains and which it represents to our mind. (CSM II 145) To think that the idea of cold represents a positive entity would be materially false, however, to think that it represents an absence means that cold is objectively positive. I agree with Arnaulds argument. It is not possible to say that cold is materially false because it is still an idea that contains objective reality, but I think that the main flaw of Descartes notion is not whether or not cold is materially false, but that cold is the absence of heat. Descartes evidence of this fact is invalid because cold may still exist, just not clearly to the naked eye. Just because cold cannot be seen does not mean that it doesnt exist. If Descartes wanted to find an example to prove material falsity, he shouldve tried arguing that darkness is the absence of light, which is a more distinct contrast than cold and heat. Descartes admits that Arnaulds argument against material falsity is right in his own sense, so instead of refuting the idea, Descartes clarifies what he means in the Third Meditation. Arnauld only dealt with the idea in a formal sense, however, Descartes meant for material falsity to be found in an idea whereas the falsity involved in a judgment can only be formal (CSM II 163). There was an error in Descartes claim that cold is an absence and has less reality than heat, which he recognizes in his response. He is unable to tell which idea contains more reality, which is why Descartes categorizes them as a case of obscure and confused ideas. God is a clear and distinct idea, allowing this supreme being to exist. Confused ideas which are made up at will by the mind, such as the idea of false gods, do not provide as much scope for error as the confused ideas arriving from the senses such as color and cold. (CSM II 163). Because Descartes is unsure if he can still prove that cold has less reality than heat means that there is falsity in his idea of cold. A material falsity does not have to come from a positive entity because it comes solely from the obscurity of the idea. The purpose of this argument is only to show that the meditators nature is not perfect in all respects because he is unable to clarify what cold is. This development proves that the mind also h as the capability, like doubt, to recognize its own faults and compare itself to a more perfect being. Although Descartes initial notion of a material falsity was unclear in the Third Meditation, he clarifies his reasoning in his response to Arnauld. Descartes should have distinctly stated in the Third Meditation that he was still unsure about the relationship between hot and cold instead of using cold as an absence of heat to prove material falsity. Admitting his confusion would have also proven that material falsity exists because that shows that there are flaws in the intellects idea of hot and cold. His response to Arnauld proves the purpose of the Third Meditation, which is the validation of God. Because there are errors in our nature we can recognize through material falsity, this means there is some all-powerful entity which has given us the ability to think this, furthering his clear and distinct ideas that we are thinking beings and God exists.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Field Placement Reflection Report Humber Business School

Field Placement Reflection Report Humber Business School Global Business Management Placement Coordinator – Viji Prakash Employer: Position: Objectives: Describe your field internship objectives. The objective behind doing this internship was: †¢ To get Canadian Experience being an International Student. †¢ develop Connections and building my systems administration channel. †¢ To learn and get information about the Canadian Accounting framework. †¢ To work and addition involvement in the field in which I want to construct better profession. †¢ enhancing both my individual and professional growth. †¢ To know about the concepts in accounting. Describe the results that you achieved in relation to these objectives. The most imperative outcome that I got after this internship is the experience that I have got in the Canadian Market. It has now furnished me with a thought of how to work in Canada. †¢ It brought a considerable measure of change in my Accounting aptitudes. †¢ I have enhanced my time administration aptitudes, critical thinking abilities and practical skills. †¢ It has helped me to build network with both exclusively and corporate division Canada. Presently I have an extremely solid rundown of network with the outer world and I can contact them. †¢ account Administration skills are maybe one of the best abilities that this internship has taught me. I have learned great skills of book keeping as well. Now, I am able to evaluate

Monday, May 18, 2020

The Dream Of The American Dream - 1732 Words

The American Dream is that dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone... (Adams, 1931, p. 214). The dream of our ancestors has not changed with the passage of time, but achieving the dream of financial independence has become much more difficult for the average American. Reviewing data compiled over the last few decades paints a bleak picture: wage disparities have increased, savings rates have fallen, and pension plan failures have escalated. What s more, benefits provided by private defined benefit plans and the U.S. Government continue to see reductions. These sobering facts do not depict a reality where the American Dream of financial independence still thrives. While difficult, the dream is†¦show more content†¦The ability to achieve financial independence at a time when real wages have increased only marginally coupled with Americans lack of financial knowledge and understanding of investments leads directly to reduced saving rate s and investment habits. The call to action cannot be clearer, investing is a necessity. And yet, less than 48% of adults in the United State have savings invested in stocks, one of the best potential options to accumulate funds for an emergency or retirement. However, various options do exist to aid an individual uncomfortable with investing. A passive investor can utilize a broker, a representative who buys and sells investments for an individual. However, brokers are expensive to engage as they receive commissions on each buy or sell transaction they execute. A second option available for investing is to work with an advisor. An advisor provides recommendations, generally, does not receive commissions, but receives compensation on a percentage of invested assets. The median fee range is, .25% for high net worth clients to 1.50% for clients with smaller account balances on top of hourly fees. Taking the path of least resistance and hiring a broker, or advisor, although requiring l ittle intervention on an individuals behalf reduces your investable assets, and therefore futureShow MoreRelatedAmerican Dreams : The American Dream1068 Words   |  5 PagesAmerican Dream? American Dream: Noun, the ideals of freedom, equality, and opportunity traditionally held to be available to every American. That is the definition of the American dream according to Dictionary.com, but the American Dream is more than a definition, but a way of life for many. Millions of immigrants come to our country in search of this â€Å"American Dream† including my grandparents but more and more are disappointed. So does the American Dream exist? Has it ever existed or has it allRead MoreAmerican Dreams And The American Dream Essay1727 Words   |  7 PagesMobility and the American Dream feed off one another, immigrants and American citizens wanting to work hard and building new inventions to make life easier. Without this American ingenuity, it might of taken the United States longer to get to where the country is now. The American Dream has helped people see all the potential that there is in the U.S. Almost all aspects of mobility relating to the American Dream are still achievable. The path to the so called American Dream might be a harder toRead MoreThe Dream Of The American Dream1047 Words   |  5 PagesThe American Dream is heralded and aspired to, by immigrants and natives alike. It is a hopeful belief, that although many believe in, very few achieve. This variability of outcomes is due to the American Dream’s dependency on ideals of equality and freedom of opportunity. These two ideals do not institutionally exist in the United States, causing its construction to be inherently unequal, as individuals cannot reach the Dream without systemic privilege and power. Social positions and historic contextRead MoreAmerican Dreams : The American Dream1187 Words   |  5 PagesThe American dream is what makes people from all around the world to want to move to America. The American dream is what makes America wonderful. The American dream has been categorized as an equal opportunity to attain success through hard work. The end result of t he American dream for the universal people is for that character and their loved ones to be living contentedly for the rest of their lives. However, this is not the same apparition that every individual has of the American dream. The AmericanRead MoreAmerican Dreams : The American Dream1663 Words   |  7 PagesThe American Dream The American Dream is indefinable. There is no one set of words or characteristics that the entire population assigns directly to its definition. With the American population consisting of people of various races, ethnicities, ages, classes, and genders, it seems trivial to even attempt to attribute a single definition to the concept of the American Dream. It is this inability however, to be confined within one single meaning, that allows for the American Dream to govern theRead MoreThe Dream Of The American Dream1178 Words   |  5 PagesThe American dream has been a beacon of hope and motivation for the millions of people who have immigrated and grown up in the United States; especially for those of the lower class. Through hard work and determination one could completely change their life for the better while provide better circumstances for future generations. The American dream is defined as, â€Å"a happy way of living that is thought of by many Americans as something that c an be achieved by anyone in the U.S. especially by workingRead MoreAmerican Dream Is Not A Dream771 Words   |  4 PagesAmerican dream is not a dream What is your own version of the American Dream? Money? Living a big house or having a nice car? I believe these are values that most of people define to them what the American Dream is. The American Dream has alway been challenging to receive happiness; but as an Americans, we had worked our way from inequality to freedom. First, immigration as one biggest puzzle in the United States. America is also refer to a melting pot. Because many different ethnic groups andRead MoreThe Dream Of The American Dream1098 Words   |  5 Pagesline â€Å"Follow your dreams!† This simple sentence has inspired many. This idea of creating a dream and chasing it has inspired the American Dream. The American Dream is different for everybody. It could be getting married, creating a business, or being a hero. It turns out the American Dream is not for everybody. There is always something standing in the way of the American Dream. Race, social status, and the individual are standing in the way between the person and the American Dream. A person s raceRead MoreAmerican Dreams And The American Dream1728 Words   |  7 PagesAmericans have been dreaming since the Mayflower arrived in the New World and the American Dream itself has withstood threats up until this very day to all of its internal characteristics: international peace, health, leadership, wealth, supremacy, and equality. H.W. Brands states in his book American Dreams that â€Å"Americans had dreamed since our national birth, and in the twenty-first century we are dreaming still†. Both Brands’ story and Nathaniel Philbrick’s account in Mayflower assist significantlyRead MoreDreams And The American Dream828 Words   |  4 PagesThe American Dream is the thought the United States had never ending chances to live ones dream no matter where one would come from. During the Great Depression, the American Dream is to own land, to rise out of one’s current situation, and to not have to worry about money. In the novel Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck, three characters have individual dreams that directly relate to the American Dream. George and Lennie want to own their own farm. He wants to not have to work 11 hour shifts and

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Philosophy Study Guide - 1406 Words

Philosophys Sub-Disciplines Introduction Which argument for the existence of God is strongest? Why? This is the specific issue that this paper will address. While there are many millions of people in the world who believe in the existence of God or Allah, Brahman, Jehovah, among other names there are also millions who do not believe in the existence of God. This dispute is an ancient one; and as Deepak Chopra points out, since we cannot see God and because He is †¦nowhere and everywhere at the same time and because he †¦transcends nature†¦ [and] leaves no fingerprints in the material world, it is easy for non-believers to challenge Christians as to Gods existence (Chopra, 2000, p. 41). Christians on the other hand point to the creation of the Universe and to the natural world on Earth as evidence of a Creators work. The Atheist Philosophy There is no God Bertrand Russell is one among the list of well-known philosophers, writers and intellectuals that deny the existence of God. In Russells book, Why I Am Not A Christian: And Other Essays on Religion and Related Subjects, he points out that Christians seem to believe that God created actually designed a world so that humans and animals would be comfortable in it. And if the world was ever so little different, Russell explains, emulating the view of some Christians, we could not manage to live in it (Russell, 1967, pp. 9-10). But in light of Darwins discoveries, Russell believes that It is not that theirShow MoreRelatedPhilosophy 101 Study Guide Essay3857 Words   |  16 Pagesï » ¿STUDY GUIDE FIRST EXAM PHI 101 When: Thursday, the 26th Day of September, 2013, 3:00pm – 4:15pm Where: The same location our class normally meets What to bring: Your ASU Student ID, for when you hand in your exam An Exam book (blue book or green book) available at the bookstore A Scan-tron form (bubble-in forms) available at the bookstore TWO number 2 pencils for filling in the scantron form A blue or black ink pen (optional – pencil ok), for your exam book. I will not haveRead MoreTuck Everlasting1373 Words   |  6 PagesMaterials Needed 1) Novel 2) Vocabulary journals 3) Writing journals 4) Paper 5) Pencil 6) Study guide questions 7) Dictionaries Day one: Monday-Prologue-chapter 5 *Start the lesson with asking the students to write a pro and con list about living forever? Would they want to live forever why or why not? * Have students fill out the anticipatory guide activity *give students the list of vocabulary words from prologue to chapter 5 *Before the students look up theRead MoreThe Philosophy Of Zhu Xi Essay1381 Words   |  6 PagesThe philosophy of Zhu Xi China is a country with long history, which at the same time comes with a complex philosophy system. Date back to the Warring States period, the rising of Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, and some other schools captured the attention of the society. These schools created their different and special philosophies, which in some way guided the trend of the society development. With several hundreds years of inherited and people applied their own thoughts to the original philosophyRead MoreMy Philosophy of Education824 Words   |  4 Pages13 February 2011 My Philosophy of Education I believe that progressivism educational philosophy most closely matches my educational ideals. In my opinion based on the progressivism educational philosophy, the purpose of education is to enable students to learn useful knowledge that has meaning to them in the future. Thus, the most useful education for students is the skill of â€Å"learning how to learn†. When students understand the methodsRead MorePlato and Platipus1186 Words   |  5 PagesIt is normal to underestimate the power of philosophy. It is a social science that has lost influence in the 21st Century because many do not understand how this science can help humans achieve true happiness. Though philosophy is a heavy subject, it is the science with the most results regarding human nature and knowledge. Philosophy offers guidance to understand human behavior as well as to question our presence and our real role in society. It is one of the leading social sciences because manyRead MoreJohn Rawls Justice is Fairness1525 Words   |  7 Pagestaken from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Some quick facts about John Rawls are: Rawls was born February 21, 1921 and died November 24, 2002. Rawls was an American philosopher and a leading figure in moral and political philosophy. John is most known for his book titled: A Theory of Justice published in 1971, the book is now known as one of the primary texts in political philosophy. Rawls received both the Schock Prize for Logic and Philosophy and the National Humanities Medal in 1999Read MoreProgressivism Philosophy Of Education : Progressivism1566 Words   |  7 PagesProgressivism Philosophy of Education The philosophy of progressivism in the classroom is one that is student centered. Being developed in the nineteenth century, the progressivism philosophy is considered one of the more modern philosophies of teaching. Founded by George Sanders Pierce, William James and John Dewey, this philosophy believes in hands on, action oriented learning to achieve results (Sadovnik, Cookson, Semel, 2013). This philosophy believes that education transpires through questionsRead MoreJean Watson s Theory Of Human Caring1361 Words   |  6 Pagesmodel often used to guide and direct nursing care as well as to improve nursing practice through a better understanding of the role and function of the professional nurse. It is an important theory to the nursing world because it brings meaning and focus to nursing as an emerging discipline and distinct health profession that has its own unique values, knowledge, and practices. It is important to our group because we read an article on infertile women in Turkey and the case studies were based on theRead MoreThe Relevance Of Nyerere s Philosophy Of Education Essay1556 Words   |  7 PagesResearch Question 2 What are views on the relevance of Nyerere’s philosophy of education based on education for self-reliance and education for liberation towards academically oriented university education? Table 2 presents the distribution of responses on a likert scale on the perceived relevance of Nyerere’s philosophy of education based on education for self-reliance and education for liberation. The codes 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 corresponded to Strongly Disagree (SD), Disagree (D), Neutral (N), AgreeRead MorePersonal Leadership And Philosophy Style1574 Words   |  7 PagesPersonal Leadership and Philosophy Style Four years ago I wrote my first â€Å"Personal Philosophy of Leadership† paper. The personal leadership style I identified with, at that time, was the democratic style. I had chosen this style of leadership because of the teamwork, constructive criticism, motivation, good communication, dedication, and good attitude attributes of the democratic style. Four years later, being present time, I have learned and experienced a great deal more about leadership styles

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Reward and Motivation Essay - 1054 Words

The purpose of this paper is to write about roles of reward systems in the 10th Security Forces Squadron (SFS) located at the United States Air Force Academy. I will discuss whether I believe in the current reward system and whether the reward system motivates employees to achieve the unit’s organization goals. Moreover, from my opinion, I will discus whether employees are satisfied with the current reward system and what I would do to improve the current system to make more effective. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Currently, the 10th Security Forces Squadron has many reward systems in place. One of which is a 100 percent tuition assistance program (TA) for all active duty military members who attend college. Tuition assistance helps†¦show more content†¦Therefore, their flight chiefs will look at the employee’s uniforms, dress appearance, hygiene, and work performance to evaluate who will get an extra day off. This type of reward systems has worked very well within the unit; it has worked so well that the operations section is now rotating every Friday off for each employee, so that every person that works in operations will get one Friday off a month. This fringe benefit has boosted flight work; customer service throughout the Air Force Academy, increase work production in the office and the quality of work has improved. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Personally, I believe in both TA and extra time off without being charged for leave. TA has proven to help people meet their dreams in life with completing a college degree. Military members that really want to go to college regardless of who is paying for the bill will attend and complete the degree program. Younger members of the 10th SFS need to realize that nothing come free in life and what’s worth working hard for regardless of the costs is worth having. Those military members, who sacrifice regardless of what TA pays for, will get ahead in life and in their Air Force careers. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The fringe benefit of time off is AWSOME! Once the 10th SFS established the criteria on what a person needs to do to haveShow MoreRelatedThe Importance of Reward in Motivation1742 Words   |  7 PagesIn daily life, we need motivation to improve our performance in our job or in studies. Motivation is an internal force, dependent on the needs that drive a person to achieve. In the other words, motivation is a consequence of expectations of the future while satisfaction is a consequence of past events (Carr, 2005). We need to give reward to our self when we did correctly or we has achieve our target. Reward is something that we are given because we have behaved well, worked hard, or provided aRead MoreExtrinsic Rewards And Its Motivation1092 Words   |  5 Pagesenergizing and engaging rewards such as pay, job security, benefits and working conditions, all of which are extrinsic rewards. According to Daniel Pink’s book Drive – The Surprising Tr uth About What Motivates Us, he writes that these extrinsic rewards are in fact not the best ways in which to obtain and maintain motivation. Pink gives a new perspective on motivation in the workplace; it is argued that human motivation is largely intrinsic and that the aspects of this motivation can be divided into autonomyRead MoreMotivation/Reward System1404 Words   |  6 PagesEssay 1: Motivation/Reward System by Blake P. Rodabaugh EDD 9100 CRN 35455 Leadership Seminar Nova Southeastern University January 15, 2012 Essay 1: Motivation/Reward System Employee motivation seems to be at the core of what defines leadership or more importantly a leader. The success or failure of an organization is dependent upon the ability of those in leadership positions and roles to motivate and inspireRead MoreMotivation and Reward System1335 Words   |  6 PagesMotivation and Rewards System GROUP III Motivation through Equity, Expectancy and Goal Setting Three Cognitive Theories of Work Motivation 1. Adams’s Equity Theory is a model of motivation that explains how people strive for fairness and justice in social exchanges or give-and-take relationship and based on Cognitive Dissonance Theory. 2. Expectancy Theory Holds that people are motivated to behave in ways that produce desired combinations of expected outcomes What an individual isRead MoreOrganization Reward and Motivation2162 Words   |  9 PagesOrganization reward and motivation Introduction Motivation Definition Motivating behaviors Individual characteristics and motivation Money as motivation Pay and motivation Pay administration Pricing job Wage and salary surveys Pay range 10.Evaluating the results of pay for performance Reward Definition Equity in reward Compensation as reward Objectives of compensation management Basic aspects of compensationRead MoreThe Importance Of Reward Enhances Motivation And Motivation2117 Words   |  9 PagesDISCUSSION The aim of this experiment was to test whether or not reward enhances motivation, therefore enhancing results of performance. My hypothesis stated that results would be inconclusive due to subjects being self-motivated and happy to do their best. I thought that this no effect on their performances. I took consideration into realising that subjects may not be self-motivated and needed a reward to spur them on to performing at their best. I could not underestimate the chance of chokingRead MoreEmployee Motivation, Recognition, and Rewards1049 Words   |  5 PagesEmployee Motivation, Recognition, and Rewards u06a1 Adriane L Thompson athompson74@capellauniversity.edu BUS 3004 Developing a Business Perspective February 20, 2011 Introduction This paper will address why employee motivation, recognition and rewards keeps employees working effectively and efficiently. Employee motivation is very important to a company’s production and quality of work, It is important for management and companies to recognize employees’ hard work and have an incentiveRead MoreImpact of Rewards on Employee Motivation5008 Words   |  21 PagesTHE IMPACT OF REWARDS ON EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION IN THE TELECOMMUNICATION SECTOR OF PAKISTAN Farheen B. Zaidi 1, Zahra Abbas 2 JULY 2011 VOL 3, NO 3 Abstract A good reward system is necessary to motivate the employees of an organization. This study was conducted in order to investigate the impact of rewards on the motivational level of employees of telecommunication sector of Pakistan. The impact of three independent variables rewards, monetary rewards and non-monetary rewards on the dependentRead MoreThe Role Of Total Reward And Motivation1573 Words   |  7 Pages 3.1 Role of Total Reward and Motivation in the Third Sector Organisation Providing and working for a specific cause for people and environment is always seen as a positive attribute. However, employers in the third sector are in race to attract and retain their most important and valuable asset their employees, who are drifting from working with charitable organisations towards the private organisations. Based on a research by the Best Companies in 2009 for HR magazine, it was stated that majorityRead MoreBmw: Motivation and Reward Systems1118 Words   |  5 Pagesperformance  · Employees motivation to do a good job is increased by the performance appraisal system  · Valid information about performance levels of employees should be used to make decisions about salary increases, promotions, bonuses and training needs  · Employees need a clear understanding of what the firm expects from them in terms of performance PAYMENT SYSTEM Rewards strongly influence employee performance levels. Employees at all levels compare their efforts and rewards relative to those

Lysistrata Essay Topics Can Be Fun for Everyone

Lysistrata Essay Topics Can Be Fun for Everyone You'll end up lost without having the ability to make an argument and develop it correctly. When it has to do with writing an argumentative essay, the most significant point to do is to select a topic and an argument you can really get behind. A superb topic will allow it to be simpler to pursue the purpose of an argumentative essay, which is, clearly, the whole investigation of the problem you speak about. When you are requested to pick a great topic for your argument, start with something you're familiarized with. An argumentative essay requires you to choose a topic and have a position on it. If you own a list of strong and intriguing topics, you are going to have better likelihood of writing a compelling essay. When writing an important composition, it's recommended to pick contradictive topics. Researching the topic permits you to find out more about what fascinates you, and should you pick something you truly like, writ ing the essay will be more enjoyable. It is possible to pick topics from several lists of ready themes. To do so, you want to get a guide to compose the very best essay on the selected topic. Thus, it's important to read corresponding formatting guide. Even today exists a group of folks who believe that essay writing is the simplest portion of any educational program and that which you have to do there, is to just go on writing whatever and wherever you really feel like writing whatever comes in your mind. At length, now that you're prepared to work on your paper, we wish to remind you of the significance of suitable essay structure. If you've got to write your whole essay in 1 day, do your very best to give yourself breaks so you don't burn out. As an issue of fact, the content of your essay is dependent on what you're likely to write about. There are several steps that you should take so as to write an exemplary essay. The reader needs to be impressed by the manner in which you defend your ideas. It is very important to begin with demonstrating the major idea of the entire piece so you and your readers are going to be on the very same page. You may buy argumentative essay from a specialist writer. Writing quality essays is the principal purpose of our services. Persuasive or argumentative essays are intended to convince the audience of a person's viewpoint about a specific topic. The very best argumentative essay writing service on the world wide web is a business that gives good quality and reasonably priced help on argumentative essay and argumentative essay topics. Lysistrata believes that there is going to be no limit to the war unless women intervene. Ending the war would be quite so easy that women could finish the endeavor. Traditionally, women have been linked with domestic duties, thereby, leaving me n to tackle issues that influence the whole society. In conclusion, they have a significant role to play in finding a solution to the issues affecting society. There are lots of aspects about a sport which can be argued in an essay. Before writing argumentative essay, a suitable comprehension of the subject needs to be developed, and relevant and authentic material ought to be used. In this kind of situation, it's more convenient to locate ready-made essays and use them as an example. You don't need to find super technical with legal argumentative essays, but be certain to do your homework on what the present laws about your favorite topic actually say. Argumentative essay is about arguing and debating on a subject, which is debatable. An argumentative essay is a certain kind of academic writing. Occasionally, selecting an excellent argumentative essay topics will be quite tough. Recent argumentative essay topics that are related to society is going to do. The very first step is where a significant number of students become stuck. Besides general knowledge you have regarding the subject, you won't mind dedicating some opportunity to research, writing procedure, and other things essential for the high-quality essay. If you think that you need assistance with your written assignments it is preferable to ask for expert help from online writing service. Second, talk what you shouldn't do instead of what should be carried out.

Free on Shakespeares King Lear Is King Le Essay Example For Students

Free on Shakespeares King Lear Is King Le Essay ar a Good King? King Lear essaysIs King Lear a Good King? At the beginning of the play we learn that King Lear is old and wishes to retire from his position of King of Britain. The decision greatly alters his life and the lives of those around him. He is accustomed to power and flattery from his subjects and expects the same regard and appraisal from his daughters. On his retirement he makes a very foolish decision to divide his kingdom among his three daughters. Give me the map there. Know we have divided In three our Kingdom and tis our fast intent to Shake all cares and business from our age (Act I, i, 37-39) . Lear surrenders all his power and land to his daughters as a reward for their fake demonstration of love towards him. This rash decision leads to his imminent downfall. The reader can actually foresee the breakdown of King Lear and his loss of control and order. Lear foolishly becomes angry at his youngest and favorite daughter because she refuses to phrase her love and affections. Lear then banishes Cordelia. This foolish act causes Lear to become vulnerable to his other two evil daughters as they conspire against him. After later realizing his mistake and how little Goneril and Regan care about him, he begins to go mad. Yet right from the start I had to question if he wasnt mad already. What king would just retire and divide up a powerful and sturdy kingdom? A Kingdom is run best under one ruler because only one decision is made without any contradiction. Dividing up a Kingdom politically has many disadvantages that Lear doesnt seem to realize. A Kingdom divided means there will be more than one ruler and a difference of opinion will occur. There will always be disagreements and arguments which may end in haste, creating tension between the rulers, especially if they are related and are envious of each others power and are fighting over the same love interest. Although Lear may feel he had a good reason to divide his land there really is no rational reason for his action. He only divided his land so he could be showered with loving words from his daughters. His desire to fuel his ego by abdicating his throne for reward eventually causes him to lose everything, including his family and even his sanity. It makes me wonder if how Lear was capable of ruling a country when he couldnt even keep his family together. If you divide up a powerful nation it will become weaker and open itself up to its enemies, for it is no longer a solid whole, and enemies could now penetrate different areas or seduce the different rulers. Throughout history empires have been broken down into smaller countries and states. These new unions often went to war with each other. It is safe to say that when a Kingdom is broken down, its newly separated parts will go to war with each other and with other Kingdoms. Separation will divide the people of the Kingdom and confuse their loyalties, putting brother against brother. That is why we are the United states of America and refused to let the South secede. By letting the Confederacy secede our country would not be as powerful as it is today. By breaking up a nation, order is disrupted and that is what Lear did when he divided up his. Order is very important to a Kingdom as is the ability to maintain that order, which no one seems able to do without thinking their greedy thoughts. .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280 , .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280 .postImageUrl , .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280 , .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280:hover , .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280:visited , .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280:active { border:0!important; } .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280:active , .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280 .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u5adfb9d1130ce42ca4880c16153ca280:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The Diary of Anne Frank Essay As we read on we see poor pathetic Lear struggle through hardships to try and get the order back into the Kingdom he once ruled. Lear however learned his lesson a little too late when he realizes Cordelia was the daughter who really loved him. He also learns he is just human and that a storm and outside realities actually can hurt him. He sees what it is like to not have a home and to be treated poorly. We start to see that he would make a good King now that he has witnessed his own frailty and sees the world from an outcasts point of view.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The Red Badge of Courage Naturalistic Essay Example For Students

The Red Badge of Courage: Naturalistic Essay Word Count: 1533The Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Crane, one of the most significant and renownedbooks in American literature, defies outright classification, showing traits of both the realist and naturalist movements. It is a classic, however, precisely because it does so without sacrificingunity or poignancy. The Red Badge of Courage belongs unequivocably to the naturalist genre,but realism is also present and used to great effect. The conflict between these styles mirrorsthe bloody clash of the war described in the book and the eternal struggle between good andevil in human nature. There are many characteristics in Cranes novel that would more readily fit within thecategory of realism: the ordinariness of his characters, the use of dialect, the portrayal ofprotagonist Henry Fleming as a complex individual, the description of nature as disinterested inhuman affairs, and the positive ending of the story. Realism, often described as slice of life orphotographic writing, attempts to portray life exactly as it is, without twisting it or reworking it tofit it into preconceived notions of what is appropriate or what is aesthetically pleasing. In thisbook, Crane relies on neither the oversimplified rationalism of classicist literature nor theemotional idealism of romantic prose. Instead, he offers realistic, believable characters withaverage abilities. The soldiers are presented neither as epic heroes nor as bloodthirsty killers;rather, their most noticeable trait is their overwhelming normalcy. The soldiers of Henrysregiment curse, fight, and argue just like normal pe ople. This down-to-earth, gritty, everydaystyle is characteristic of realism. A particular convention used by Crane in convincing the readerof his characters existence is dialect. The distinctive speech of the soldiers enhances thephotographic effect of the novel, lending it authenticity. Another distinctive trait of realism is complexity of character a trait readily evident in HenryFleming. As he switches between cowardice and heroism, compassion and contempt, andoptimism and pessimism, the reader observes that he is more than just a stereotype. He is aperson with fears, hopes, dreams, and foibles. Lastly, nature is often portrayed as indifferent ordisinterested in the affairs of humankind. Whereas naturalism involves emphasis on the hostilityof nature, realism lacks this trait. For example, after fighting a battle, the youth feels a flash ofastonishment at the blue, pure sky and the sun gleaming on the trees and fields. It issurprising that Nature has gone tranquilly on with her golden process in the midst of so muchdevilment (64). Later, when Henry takes refuge in the woods, the sanctuary of the naturalworld seals out all sounds of the human conflict taking place: It seems now that Nature hasno ears (79). During a different battle, the day grows more white, until t he sun shines withhis full radiance upon the thronged forest a symbol of purity amid the bloody affairs of man(156). Similarly, the smoke of deadly battle is contrasted with the unadulterated innocence ofnature: A cloud of dark smoke, as from smoldering ruins, goes up toward the sun now brightand gay in the blue enameled sky (165). Crane detaches the war from the rest of the world,stating that the world is fully interested in other matters. Apparently, the regiment has itssmall affair to itself (172). Lastly, the positive outlook with which the book concludes points to realism. Whereasnaturalism would pit the soldiers against impossible odds, a certain victory shows them thatthe proportions are not impossible (191). Immersed in the sweetness of victory, the pastholds no pictures of error and disappointment (200). At the books end, Henry reconcileshimself with his feelings of guilt and shame. He abandons war, and scars fade as flowers(223). He retires to an existence of soft and eternal peace (223). A golden ray of sun at thebooks close symbolizes the ray of hope Crane has for mankind. However, the solitary beam isnearly lost amid a mass of dark thunderheads. Correspondingly, although traits of realism arevery evident, ominous naturalism is always present and usually dominant. .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19 , .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19 .postImageUrl , .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19 , .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19:hover , .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19:visited , .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19:active { border:0!important; } .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19:active , .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19 .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ude4138d20d93e9821dbe2feaf6961c19:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Medivial Christianity EssayNaturalism, the practice of using scientific theory to develop and explain characters andevents, is largely negative and pessimistic, often emphasizing mans impotence in affecting hisown destiny. Also, the ideas of evolution and natural selection figure prominently into naturalism. The predominant reasons why The Red Badge of Courage represents naturalism rather thanrealism are the portrayal of nature as hostile (even more so than it is portrayed as indifferent), theapplication of science to war, and the emphasis on the impotence and lack of self-control ofCranes characters. These themes are stressed so heavily that the scales tip toward naturalism. Crane frequently portrays nature as hostile to man. As Henry runs from the woods, thebranches, pushing against him, threaten to throw him (81). Trees, confronting him, stretchout their arms and forbid him to pass (84). At many times in the book, characters areimpeded and attacked by brambles and cussed briers (155). Natures foliage seems to veilpowers and horrors (174). As the regiment moves through the woods, the forest makes aterrible objection (175). In these and many other instances, nature is personified as evil. Itthreatens, reaches out, and grabs at soldiers, taking an active, hostile role, as if it were a humanenemy even offering up a horrid, rotting corpse as a symbol of its evil (88). This is a centralidea of naturalism. Another tenet of naturalistic writing is the application of scientific theory to plot and character. Crane makes extensive use of scientific parlance and references prominent theories of sciencethroughout the novel. For example, when wondering whether or not he will run from battle,Henry is called an unknown quantity and obliged to experiment and accumulateinformation, as if he were a variable in a scientific laboratory procedure (17). He tries tomathematically prove to himself that he will not run from a battle and makes ceaselesscalculations to determine whether or not he possesses sufficient courage (22). During a battle,Crane makes an allusion to Darwins theory of survival of the fittest: while running, Henryfeels vaguely that death must make a first choice of the men who are nearest; the initialmorsels for the dragons would be then those who are following him. So he displays the zealof an insane sprinter in his purpose to keep them in the rear. There is a race. After hesuccessfully escapes, Henry justifies his flight by comparing his situation to that of a squirrel. When threatened, the squirrel turns and runs, controlled solely by natural instinct. Nature, heclaims, provides reinforcement to his argument with scientific proofs (79). The most convincing argument that The Red Badge of Courage is a naturalistic novel is therepeated emphasis that Henry and his military companions are powerless and guided by forcesbeyond their control. A primary axiom of naturalism is mans lack of free will; all is supposedlydetermined for them by heredity or environment. Crane places great emphasis on humaninability to act for oneself. He makes references to mobs, crowds, and stampedes, pointing outhow individual members are powerless to resist the will of the masses. As Henry runs with hiscomrades he strenuously tries to think, but all he knows is that if he falls down those comingfrom behind will tread upon himHe feels carried along by a mob (38). Desiring to leavethe crowd, Henry sees that it would be impossible for him to escape from the regiment. Itencloses him. And there are the iron laws of tradition and law on four sides. He is in amoving box (38). This portrayal of man as trapped and incapable of resistance is central tonat uralism. Henry had not enlisted of his free will, Crane adds. He had been dragged in bythe merciless government (38). Crane compares the regiment to puppets under a magicianshand and little pieces that the officers fit together (76). This lack of control is infuriating toHenry, who complains, We just get fired around from pillar to post and get licked here and getlicked there, and nobody knows what its done for. It makes a man feel like a damn kitten in abag (155). Later on, when fired upon, the soldiers accept the pelting of the bullets to resistwould be to strive against wallsto batter themselves against granite (184). Crane reiteratesmany times that Henry and his companions have no power over their situation. All is determinedfor them; resistance is futile. .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329 , .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329 .postImageUrl , .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329 , .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329:hover , .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329:visited , .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329:active { border:0!important; } .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329:active , .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329 .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u86a9f3c886b73f62fa3d2f9ba3208329:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Youth offenders EssayIn summary, The Red Badge of Courage is a naturalistic work with realistic tendencies. Theconvincing, believable characters, the authentic-sounding dialect, the complexity of Henrysthoughts, the occasional impartiality of nature, and the optimistic ending are representative ofrealism. However, nature is far more often shown as evil or hostile. Scientific theory is applied toHenry and to the events that befall him. And neither Henry nor anyone else has any control overhis fate. All these are traits of naturalism. The naturalistic elements are predominant throughoutmost of the book, and although the ending is curiously positive for a naturalistic work, i tshowcases Cranes unique perspective as an author. The struggle between negative andpositive, optimism and pessimism, and realism and naturalism parallels the battle between blueand gray described in the plot as well as humanitys dual faces of good and evil. Rejecting purenaturalism as overly simplistic, Crane implies that although humans are subject to the savageforces of nature, there is still hope to eventually arrive at a better life. Adding a touch of realismto temper the morbidity of his naturalism, Stephen Crane will be remembered far into the futureas the author of one of the most influential novels in American literature.

Tuesday, April 21, 2020

Mrs. Sirof Chris Medici Essays - Surfing, Coastal Geography

Mrs. Sirof Chris Medici English 3r Per 1 From the memior of Jenn Gooley As the sun rose up that summer day on the beach of Fire Island, Jen woke up to the smell of the ocean and the sounds of the waves crashing on the shore of the beach. Jen was staying with her close cousins and family. She was camping on the beach, and her cousins started a conversation with her. They tried to pursue and convince her to try to surf for the first time. Jen was so excited and couldn't wait to try. Her cousin gave her a board and they got in the water with her. As she stepped into the water, she felt the excitement in the cold water. They were in the water, all on their boards, talking together One of her cousins told her that it might take a couple of times to get up. She didn't pay much attention to that comment; she just got on her board. She picked out her wave, jumped on her board and she was up. Her cousins cheered her on as she rode the wave down to the shore. They surfed for hours, even though the water was freezing. Eventually they got out of the water, and went back to their campsite. They talked about it all night, the feeling of riding that wave. Soon all of them were getting excited and ready to surf. It was 2 am, one of the cousins said. Then Jen said, lets surf. They got in the ice cold water and began to surf for almost an hour. After they departed the ocean a feeling of completion went through Jens body. She thought about that first wave she rode all night. Bibliography none

Friday, April 3, 2020

Using Drama in Esl Classroom Essay Sample free essay sample

Education is one of the cardinal societal establishments in every society. but each civilization develops its ain specific educational system based on its demands and values. Educational systems prepare people for callings in their society. indoctrinate citizens into cultural values. and act as a showing tool for the society to detect its best and brightest. However. each society has its ain focal point and its ain agencies of educating its people. and there are no two educational systems that could be more different than the educational system in the United States and the educational system in Saudi Arabia. The ends of instruction in the United States and Saudi Arabia are rather similar. nevertheless in the United States as in other states. the instruction system has responded to a alone sort of patriotism. . Both states seek to fix their kids for life. and indoctrinate them into cultural values. However. the agencies used to carry through these ends are really different. We will write a custom essay sample on Using Drama in Esl Classroom Essay Sample or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In the United States. instruction is an synergistic procedure and the pupil can play an active function in the educational procedure. This is non true in Saudi Arabia. In Saudi Arabia instruction is based upon top-down communications and the pupil is an empty individual to be molded by the instructor. The educational procedure in Saudi Arabia is wholly different. Students are non permitted to pass on openly with teachers. They are expected to stand when the instructor walks into the room and any inquiring of what the instructor says is considered disrespectful. Teachers frequently yell at pupils and behavior repetitive drills thumping in the coveted information. The pupil can non take his ain categories and is expected to make little more than memorise the stuff presented by the teachers. The educational systems in United States and Saudi Arabia besides reflect the specific cultural values of these states. The educational system in the United States places a focal point on the technological and reading and language†¦

Monday, March 16, 2020

Battle of Malvern Hill - Civil War Battle of Malvern Hill

Battle of Malvern Hill - Civil War Battle of Malvern Hill Battle of Malvern Hill: Date Conflict: The Battle of Malvern Hill was part of the Seven Days Battles and was fought July 1, 1862, during the American Civil War (1861-1865). Armies Commanders Union Major General George B. McClellanBrigadier General Fitz John Porter80,000 men Confederate General Robert E. Lee80,000 men Battle of Malvern Hill - Background: Beginning on June 25, 1862, Major General George B. McClellans Army of the Potomac was the subject of repeated assaults by Confederate forces under General Robert E. Lee. Falling back from the gates of Richmond, McClellan believed his army to be outnumbered and hastened to retreat to his secure supply base at Harrisons Landing where his army could shelter under the guns of the US Navy in the James River. Fighting an inconclusive action at Glendale (Fraysers Farm) on June 30, he was able to gain some breathing room for his continued withdrawal. Retreating south, the Army of the Potomac occupied a high, open plateau known as Malvern Hill on July 1. Featuring steep slopes on its southern, eastern, and western sides, the position was further protected by swampy terrain and Western Run to the east. The site had been selected the previous day by Brigadier General Fitz John Porter who commanded the Union V Corps. Riding ahead to Harrisons Landing, McClellan left Porter in command at Malvern Hill. Aware that Confederate forces would have to attack from the north, Porter formed a line facing in that direction (Map). Battle of Malvern Hill - The Union Position: Placing Brigadier General George Morells division from his corps on the far left, Porter placed the IV Corps division of Brigadier General Darius Couch to their right. The Union line was further extended to the right by the III Corps divisions of Brigadier General Philip Kearny and Joseph Hooker. These infantry formations were supported by the armys artillery under Colonel Henry Hunt. Possessing around 250 guns, he was able to emplace between 30 to 35 atop the hill at any given point. The Union line was further supported by US Navy gunboats in the river to the south and additional troops on the hill. Battle of Malvern Hill - Lees Plan: To the north of the Union position, the hill sloped down across open space that extended from 800 yards to a mile until reaching the closest tree line. To assess the Union position, Lee met with several of his commanders. While Major General Daniel H. Hill felt that an attack was ill-advised, such an action was encouraged by Major General James Longstreet. Scouting the area, Lee and Longstreet identified two suitable artillery positions that they believed would bring the hill under crossfire and suppress the Union guns. With this done, an infantry assault could move forward. Deploying opposite the Union position, Major General Thomas Stonewall Jacksons command formed the Confederate left, with Hills division in the center astride the Willis Church and Carters Mill Roads. Major General John Magruders division was to form the Confederate right, however it was misled by its guides and was late in arriving. To support this flank, Lee also assigned Major General Benjamin Hugers division to the area as well. The attack was to be led by Brigadier General Lewis A. Armisteads brigade from Hugers Division which was assigned to move forward once the guns had weakened the enemy. Battle of Malvern Hill - A Bloody Debacle: Having devised the plan for the assault, Lee, who was ill, refrained from directing operations and instead delegated the actual fighting to his subordinates. His plan quickly began to unravel when the Confederate artillery, which was strung out back to Glendale, arrived on the field in piecemeal fashion. This was further compounded by confusing orders that were issued by his headquarters. Those Confederate guns that deployed as planned were met with fierce counter-battery fire from Hunts artillery. Firing from 1:00 to 2:30 PM, Hunts men unleashed a massive bombardment that crushed the Confederate artillery. The situation for the Confederates continued to worsen when Armisteads men advanced prematurely around 3:30 PM. This keyed the larger assault as planned with Magruder sending forward two brigades as well. Pushing up the hill, they were met by a maelstrom of case and canister shot from the Union guns as well as heavy fire from the enemy infantry. To aid this advance, Hill began sending troops forward, though refrained from a general advance. As a result, his several small attacks were easily turned back by the Union forces. As the afternoon pressed on, the Confederates continued their assaults with no success. Atop the hill, Porter and Hunt had the luxury of being able to rotate units and batteries as ammunition was expended. Later in the day, the Confederates began attacks towards the western side of the hill where the terrain worked to cover part of their approach. Though they advanced farther than the previous efforts, they too were turned back by the Union guns. The greatest threat came when men from Major General Lafayette McLaws division nearly reached the Union line. Rushing reinforcements to the scene, Porter was able to turn back the attack. Battle of Malvern Hill - Aftermath: As the sun began to set, the fighting died out. During the course of the battle, the Confederates sustained 5,355 casualties while Union forces incurred 3,214. On July 2, McClellan ordered the army to continue its retreat and shifted his men to the Berkeley and Westover Plantations near Harrisons Landing. In assessing the fighting at Malvern Hill, Hill famously commented that: It was not war. It was murder. Though he followed the withdrawing Union troops, Lee was unable to inflict any additional damage. Ensconced in a strong position and backed by the US Navys guns, McClellan began a steady stream of requests for reinforcements. Ultimately deciding that the timid Union commander posed little additional threat to Richmond, Lee began dispatching men north to begin what would become the Second Manassas Campaign. Selected Sources History of War: Battle of Malvern HillBlue Gray Trail: Battle of Malvern HillCWPT: Battle of  Malvern Hill

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Character Analysis Using Theory Of Personality Development Social Work Essays

Character Analysis Using Theory Of Personality Development Social Work Essays Character Analysis Using Theory Of Personality Development Social Work Essay Character Analysis Using Theory Of Personality Development Social Work Essay several people are fighting with personality issues. The theory by Freud has helped us to analyze an person s character and to be able to pull a decision refering the degree of development of the Id, self-importance and superego. My Experience During my internship at the general ward as a practicing nurse to be, I was able to see teamwork struggles. This experience played good during the conference, therefore enabling me to larn more from a practical attack. I was besides able to portion my experience with the other IP squad members. I besides learnt of import facets of IP communicating and working that are built-in to the success of IP coaction. These include, non utilizing slangs, listening whenever other squad members are speaking, oppugning premises sanely, advancing the rights and self-respect of IP squad members. There are certain footings that adult nurses will utilize which cause confusion and ambiguity, therefore doing others who assume the significance of slangs to error. On the other manus, I would besides larn to decide ethical issues within my IP squad. Certain ethical issues are bound to impact the IP coaction within my working squads. I would hence esteem other IP squad member s ethical standing and attack any indifference with a voice of ground in a command to drive sense into the squad member s apprehension. Indeed, most of the squad members agreed to the fact that favoritism was so a shared concern. During my internship, I watched a patient walk in with his girlfriend. It was apparent that from the start, the physician on call could non give effectual way and as if this was non plenty, the physician could non take a leading function and advice the girlfriend to quiet down. I believe as a hereafter grownup nurse, I would hold tackled this state of affairs with more humor. My first measure would hold been to take control of the state of affairs and give the patient options with the benefits of each. This would hold given more insight to the girlfriend and cut down the struggle. I would besides originate active communicating with the remainder of the grownup nurses for audience in privateness. Interprofessional instruction would hold enabled me to efficaciously originate communicating with my squad members, therefore taking control of the state of affairs in good clip. As an grownup nurse, every patient s status is of import since my nucleus value is to continue life. I have besides learnt the effectivity of working in partnership with the patients through hearing and reacting to their concerns. I have besides learnt that it would be of import to confer with with the patients sing their intervention and attention before get downing such. While reflecting this experience, I shall work closely with my squad members as an grownup nurse and invariably pass on with the relevant governments and IP squad members for quality wellness and societal attention bringing. I truly acknowledge that I would necessitate a compendious apprehension of teamwork and modern attacks towards wellness and societal solutions. As a hereafter grownup nurse, I will ever guarantee that I initiate effectual communicating with the remainder of my IP squad members so as to work together for the common good of the patients. The experience that I learnt was so utile as it would enable me to efficaciously go a successful grownup nurse who would stand out from the remainder. The person-centred attack was peculiarly imperative in guaranting that I am able to understand the generation of multi-disciplinary teamwork. I so acknowledge that issues associating to patient attention should be approached with interprofessional teamwork so that each medical practician offers advice in his or her country of professional cognition while guaranting that they work as a squad. My experience at the multi-disciplinary conference would enable me to go a successful grownup nurse who values teamwork and professional coaction. This conference has besides enabled me to hold a clear image of what medical professionals go through and what can be done to debar such challenges. I now feel adequately capable of tacking these challenges that my calling as an grownup nurse will supply. I have besides learnt to take into history the positions of other people when doing of import determinations. Indeed issues of race, gender, category and gender among others should non impact multi-disciplinary teamwork. Cultural and societal differences should non be construed as effectual barriers to IP teamwork. As a hereafter grownup nurse, the conference was a brainstorming session which expanded my experience. I was besides able to larn that certain general footings used by patients to mention to their unwellness may so do great confusion among professional wellness and societal attention practicians. These are referred to as stereotypes. In such a state of affairs, the wellness and societal professional practician should confer with the other members of his or her IP group or squad so as to come up with the proper reading therefore limit mistakes in the intervention of the patient s status. Synergy theoretical account of nursing supports this statement and calls for more audience in the intervention of the patient. The group treatment on IP instruction enabled me to visualise the world between theory and pattern. The patient-centred position was clearly illuminated by the patient s voice presentation. The exclusion of IP working has been seen in collaborative intervention. Decisions made by single inexperient physicians have been tragic. The instance of Victoria Climbie and Baby Peter can outdo illuminate this when Baby Tiffany passed on due to negligence. Findingss from this tragic state of affairs enabled physicians and nurses to set up a model that saw the bar of such state of affairss. It was agreed that IP squads would non be able to forestall the happening of every tragic incidence. Some would so be inevitable. Hence, I was able to larn the value of communicating and coaction in the physique up to my calling as an grownup nurse. Calla lily besides seems to be fighting with her gender. She is a sapphic but before the Christian resurgence she can non squeal her feelings to Rachel because of the society s positions on the topic but after the meeting everyone is experiencing like they can open up and that is when she openly tells Rachel of her feelings even though she is turned down. Decision In decision, we can state that the three elements that make up person s personality are really important in modeling the character of person and greatly act upon what person turns into when they are grownups. We should hence endeavor to assist the Id, self-importance and superego to turn good and the self-importance particularly should be nurtured to excel the other two in laterality, because as research has shown for a sound believing grownup, the self-importance should rule. Equally much as this may non be achieved in all people, those who hang around kids should actuate them so that they do non hold jobs in maturity in individuality or of self-esteem like was the instance of Rachel and Calla. Rachel s super-ego is something to think with though at times she seems to be non confident plenty to undertake the state of affairs at manus. She stands out as a she-wolf, ever prehending any chance that comes her manner.

Friday, February 28, 2020

Hunting and Temptation Scenes in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Essay

Hunting and Temptation Scenes in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight - Essay Example It is obvious that the author was motivated to spend such great effort and space in such action scenes; this paper will examine the meaning and significance of the hunting and temptation scenes in the poem. It is an acknowledged fact that medieval people loved fables, particularly stories of animals with human qualities as portrayed by the rooster in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales; medieval people believed that certain animals were capable of emotions, spirituality as well as intelligence. An exploration of the popular believes about the habits and temper of animals that were hunted by the medieval people is crucial to drawing parallels between the hunt outside and inside the castle, between the lady of the house and Gawain (Savage 1). The medieval huntsman distinguished the hunted animals into two classes, ‘beasts of venery’ and ‘beasts of the chase’; the first class comprised of the male and female red deer, the wild boar and the wolf while the second o ne consisted of the male or female deer and the fox. Generally, the fox was known for its slyness and duplicity while the deer was considered honorable yet elusive to the hunt; the boar, while elusive, was capable of facing its assailant and striking back. In the poem, the story revolves around testing Gawain’s chivalry as while Bercilak hunts three animals, the deer, the boar and the fox, Gawain is pursued by the lady in the castle (Reutter 80); it is evident that the author has drawn parallels between the hunted animals and the temptations of Gawain in the castle. On the first day, the hunt is for a deer, which metaphorically represents the innocence and purity of Gawain as a highly decorated knight; the author offers a considerably lengthy and detailed description of the hunt and the eventual capture of the deer to highlight its symbolic significance.

Friday, February 21, 2020

King Leopold's Ghost by Adam Hochschilds Term Paper

King Leopold's Ghost by Adam Hochschilds - Term Paper Example One prominent thing about this book was refusal by nine publishing houses in United States to publish this book. Most of the colonialists invaded Africa with the motive of getting industrial resources and enriching themselves. However, they gave false pretexts for the scramble saying they were after benefiting their colonial subjects. Some of these pretexts included spreading the gospel, educating their subjects and delivering benefactions to their colonial subject. Different colonial powers worsened the living conditions and lives of their subjects. Most of the atrocities and crimes done by King Leopold’s and his army as the author describes. While most of these colonialists exploited their subjects, King Leopold representing the Belgian imperialism over-exploited the people of Congo, made them slaves and even tortured them. This is something truly different as compared to the French imperialism in Senegal. Useful Discussions from King Leopold’s Ghost   During the ti me of European imperialism, there are so many things that took place, with many nations trying to build empires in different parts of the world, including Africa and Asia (Hochschild 21). The term ‘civilized people’ was used by a Swedish missionary, C.N. Borrisson, who described their different intentions for the scrambling for African resources. According to the known facts, the colonialists lied about their reasons for invading some of these nations. The facts are that the colonialists wanted raw materials for their industries. There was also need to get cheap labor for their industries. These colonialists took this opportunity to develop their economy so as to increase their kingdoms. One thing about this book is that it offers a lot of information about these developments in Congo by the Belgians. There were many things that transpired in the name of colonialism. There was an increase in support for the colonialists by other nations such as the United States and Can ada. The main explanations given by the colonialists or the ‘civilized people’ for the exploitation and colonial imperialism included the need to spread Christianity also extend their benefactions abroad (Hochschild 26). Many humanitarians view this as a stratagem that does not make any sense at all. The increased settlement by the colonialists in these countries justifies the materialism and desire for wealth. King Leopold’s Ghost is a story providing a focuses on the vivid accounts of what took place in Africa. Adam Hochschild’s book therefore, deals with the continued looting which took place in Congo. It is worth noting that people went through traumatizing events apart from been tortured by the colonialists. This helps us understand the main reasons why the ‘civilized people’ invaded these nations. This neglect by the colonialists to care about the colonists was a crucial issue for consideration when examining the roles played by these â €˜civilized people’ in Africa. The other noteworthy thing to consider is the colonialists’ callous disregard for the lives and the dignity of others based on the color of their skin, nationality, religion, or ethnic backgrounds. During these days, the colonialists prejudiced the Africans without giving them any opportunity to express themselves (Hochschild 62). The ‘civilized people’ continued disregarding the dignity and lives of others based on their skin color, religion, nationality and ethnic background. The whites treated Africans indifferently on their

Wednesday, February 12, 2020

Elecitation and pretexting Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Elecitation and pretexting - Essay Example It is the use of publicly available information to in order to creates ones new identity and using it to acquire information needed to convince their target to take a specific action. The tools of social engineering can be used to detect criminal activities by tracing the conversations of the suspects before they engage in attacks. Elicitation has aided in the fight against global challenges such as terrorism through the tracking of conversations using modern communication gadgets. It can be used to get some vital information that may lead to the hideouts of criminals. The tool is used by politicians and other leaders to make inroads into the camps of opponents for safeguarding the nation. Pretexting can be used to gain vital information on the operations of illegal business ventures and bringing them to the public for legal measures to be undertaken. Intelligence services adopt the use of elicitation to track down hackers who use similar techniques in propagating criminal activities (Hadnagy,

Wednesday, February 5, 2020

Children's behaviour towards undirected recreational play Research Paper - 1

Children's behaviour towards undirected recreational play - Research Paper Example Some of these common play activities include: hide and seek; peek a boo et cetera. Michael (2009) argues that to children, play tends to be instinctive. According to research conducted by American Association for Physical activity (2012), it illuminates that besides play being fun and exciting, it also facilitates the development of a child’s cognition, and motor skills including imagination, problem solving, creativity and social skills. Perhaps, this explains the notion that children who are playful usually tend to be intelligent and emotionally stable. Gray (2008) points out that one way of categorizing child play is directed and undirected play. Directed play is where play is controlled by adults. Gray (2008) further asserts that this mainly occurs in schools particularly early childhood classes such as Early Years, and primary. The adults engage the children in organized activities where the children have to follow the rules outlined by the adults. Moreover, the objective and focus of play, which is mostly to win in accordance to the stipulated rules, is dictated by the adults. Undirected play, on the other hand, takes place without the supervision of adults. In this play, the children are simply left to create their own forms of play. One common instance is during break time in learning institutions where children are left to play on their own. Several research studies have focused on the impact and importance of play among children. However, it will be prudent to focus on the impact and importance of a specific category of play. This main objective of this research paper, therefore, is to determine children’s behavior towards undirected play. To achieve the above objective, a specific objective will focus on identifying the importance and impact of directed and undirected play among children, as well as the behavioral problems. Gray (2008) focuses his literature work on the value of play. He

Friday, January 31, 2020

What Is Globalization Critical Issues For International Trade Term Paper

What Is Globalization Critical Issues For International Trade Liberalisation - Term Paper Example RY In the book â€Å"A History of the World in 6 Glasses† Tom Standage described the continuous cyclical changes in the world through the different ages. He pointed out that the process of globalization has been a 20th century phenomenon which has certainly facilitated the globally operating companies to entertain major financial returns by becoming globally recognized brands. In this regard Standage highlighted that hunger can be less deadly than the thirst. A person may survive without taking food for a few weeks. But without taking liquid he/she cannot survive. Human generates drinking habits to live. Thus, in order to leverage this benefit entrepreneurs or inventors invented six different drinks for the human beings. According to the author, the invention of these drinks primarily caused the advent of globalization. These drinks include beer, wine, spirits, coffee, tea and cola. Among them caffeine contained in three drinks and alcohol contained in three. Initially, beer w as made in 3000 BC. In the ancient Greece, wine was the main exportable product. After the invention of spirits coffeehouses were the main centers for the intellectual exchange. After 100 more years, the Chinese started taking tea which became quite popular in Britain in following years. Finally, carbonated water was invented for the very first time and Coca-Cola was the inventor. Cola started the flow of globalization. From the above discussion, it can be said that six different glasses started the age of globalization (Standage 1-100). In his book ‘Ways of the world: A brief global history Volume 2 since the 15th century’ Robert W. Strayer described how global economy has accelerated since 1945. The pace of globalization increased after the era of Second World War. Most commonly, it signifies...It is a kind of international integration to exchange the products, ideas and views of the participating countries. Exchanges of cultural and national resources can be done wit h the advent of globalization. Globalization has further facilitated in enhancing the amount of cross-cultural trade activities which in turn has made the world to be regarded as a global village. This has enabled to reduce cultural barriers by a considerable extent. In this context, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has propounded four basic kinds of aspects related to globalization. This can be distinguished as migration along with movement of people, investment and capital movements, trade and transactions and lastly diffusion of knowledge. Globalization generally refers opening up or liberalization of the countries. It generally includes deregulation of markets and privatization of the assets, the integration of capital markets and the inter-national distribution of the manufactured production also known as foreign direct investment. Globalization facilitates to keep the life of the people healthy. It broadens the chance to build an industrial segment which leads to create more and more jobs. As incomes are being generated at a more rapid pace, thus the gap between the poor and the rich is also diminishing.

Monday, January 27, 2020

Reflection Of The Movie Dead Poets Society Education Essay

Reflection Of The Movie Dead Poets Society Education Essay The report is a work assigned to deal with the reflection of the movie Dead Poets Society. These couples of pages are based on the organizational culture and different groupings of the boarding school in this movie. Finally evaluate culture of the school and identified group which influence each other and linked to each other. Dead Poets Society presents a representation of an English teacher that is curiously inspiring and at the same time disturbing. This is the story of students as the respected Welton Academy. The plot centers on the influence of Mr. Keating, a young and exciting English and poetry teacher who is determined to teach his students to live life with absolute passion. Mr. Keating was moved his students to a love of poetry and learning that transcends their otherwise structured and controlled academic existence. He perhaps crosses boundaries that probably should not be crossed by someone in a position of authority and respect. This movie is about what happens when these students decide to pursue their own desires and to live life with the passion that Mr. Keating encouraged. Actually it is about what happens when a few idealistic students find themselves confronted against conservative forces that resist all change including the drive for personal self- determination. Source: Carpe Diem; Lessons about Life and Management from Dead Poets Society in the Journal of Management Education, Vol. 16. The organizational style of the boarding school is very traditional, reflecting one of the most significant principles of the school, namely tradition. The idea of the campus along with typical features like the twin-bedded rooms strongly resembles college and therefore hints at where the school finally leads. As a preparatory school, the basic aim is to prepare the pupils for college in the most excellent way. One detail that contributes to this goal is the class size of 16 boys only. The background of the boys is clearly upper class. On the one hand, the school fees demand for an upper class-income. Features like clothes and speech of the boys and their family point to an upper class background. Moreover the culture of the school is closely bound to the student families. Usually, generations and generations of their forefathers have attended the school, which is why the boys automatically have to follow this tradition. The family seems to be obliged to the school both by financial support as well as by sending their sons to the school. Thus, the boys do not have any choice; their career is determined from birth. The school organizational style restricted and directed the behaviors of the boys in one path. Any demonstration of a free thought is strictly prohibited by the school authority. Sense of worth becomes one of the centers of the school. For example Neils low self-esteem reveals itself only in the relationship with Neils father, but leads Neil to his tragic end. On the other hand, Todd, with the help of Professor Keatings, was able to build up his self-esteem. John Keatings wasnt a regular professor: his teaching methods were very different from those of others in the school. The relationship between Todd and professor Keatings is quite interesting because we can see the transformation that Todd went through from being afraid to answer teachers question to being the first one to show his appreciation for Mr. Keatings when doing so could lead to expelling from the school. Considering the facts mentioned above, one can regard the boys as forming a separate society from the school organizational culture, defined by particular principles, location and background. If the emphasis in the definition of class lies on the idea of the same social position, the notion of school as a class of its own can thus be justified. SHEINS LARYERED CONCEPTUALIZATION ON DPS Basic Assumption in the school and Mr. Keatings class The school in the movie is a formally organize settings and all of the student are made to conform to this settings which are classified as tradition, honor, discipline and excellence. This formality is strictly adhered by the authorities of the school and never taking for granted. On the other hand in Mr. Keatings class, it is contrary to the laid settings of the school. He made the student to believe in their self and also walk the path of individualist. Values and Beliefs The values and beliefs in any society is the instrument that shapes individual in that society according to the movie, students are expected to be guided by the beliefs and value of the school. Every Welton students are required to trust the doctrine of the school without any defiant, these have been the normal tradition of the school since its inception. Mr. Keatings in a way did not only help his student with the values and beliefs of the school but he guided his students into an expended awareness of lifes possibilities Artifacts and Creations The school in the movies maintained its old edifice, this kind of depict conformity with the early doctrine of the school. This also explains that even with the dynamic trend in the society, the school authority still cling to the old doctrine of the school. However the style of communication or language exercise by the teachers in the school was more of an authoritative style in which student were not free to challenge or question the authority of their teachers. The dead poets society was formed Mr. Keating in his days at Welton, this group then was against the norms of the school that was why its memory was never to be revisited or talked about in the school. Keatings actually made this clear to his student, when he told them not to say or talked about the dead poets society. It is very interesting to see how John Keating establishes the relationship with his students in classroom and outside the classroom. He is quite open with his students about his attitude towards the world and his ideas about the purposes of life, and other general things, however, at the same time he doesnt reveal his personal life. This is very understandable due to the fact that he is a teacher and his role as a teacher prevents him from getting too personal with his students. Moreover, in our opinion, it was very important to keep this barrier between the professor and his students because otherwise they couldve lost their respect for him as a teacher. At the same time, Keating was eccentric and open enough to make his students be interested in him which helped in getting their attention to poetry. A) The different groups in the movie are as follows; I) Teachers these were responsible for the day to day teaching and providing guidance to the students of welt on academy. Ii) Students These were basically teenage boys aged 15-17 who were going to Welton academy as a preparatory school for college. The school was portrayed as being one of the best for producing intelligent students. Iii) DPS abbreviation for dead poets society, this was a literary club formed by eager students who wanted to draw meanings from what life really is all about by reading and reviewing poetry. The DPS recited poetry in two different contexts, romanticism and realism. iv) Parents/guardians these constituted parents who brought their children to welt on academy preparatory school, hoping to prepare a better future for their kids taking into account the reputation the school had. V) Board of regents/ school administration This was a governing body of the school concerned with all matters regarding the affairs of the students and teachers and the organizational protocols of the school. vi) Affiliates these were other people in the movie whom in one way or another made the boys lives what they are or what they ought to become and accomplish. Example Todds brother who was a lawyer what his parents wanted Todd to look up to, Knoxs crush Christine whom in a way helped Knox build his confidence and the list goes on and onà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦ vii) Study groups These were studying groups for the students categorized depending on the area of study example Latin, chemistry etc. B) The groups do differ basically in the way they are formed and the purpose from which they were created. Some of them are what are called formal groups while other is informal groups. Starting with the formal groups, these were created by the structure of the organization basing on task needs and were usually involuntary. In this we can include the students themselves, teachers, board of regents/school administration and the parents. The students and the teachers are the key groups in forming the school environment were the actual educating/learning process is takes place. Parents role in all this is to ensure their children get proper education by addressing to their basic needs and wants. Board of regents/ school of administration were there to ensure that the learning process runs smoothly and that the rules and regulations of the school are adhered to by both students and teachers. The informal groups on the other hand were created by the members themselves to cater for particular needs in this case social needs and they were voluntary. In this we can include the dead poets society (DPS) group, affiliates and study groups. The DPS was created by its members led by Neil to try and find true meaning to life and to seize the day making the boys lives extraordinary as inspired by their teacher Mr. Keating. The affiliates existed because in one way or another are what the characters looked up to or tried to associate them with themselves in conquering day to day life challenges as teenage boys. Study groups were formed by the students for the sole purpose of striving to achieve both academically and socially in line with the schools four pillars which were honor, discipline, excellence and tradition. C) As mentioned above, the groups similarity basically lies in whether they are formal or informal groups. Formal groups were created by the structure of the organization and were involuntary while informal groups were created by the members themselves and they were voluntary. Dissimilarity of these groups can be observed in the roles each group plays. The basic roles of each group are as follows; Teachers these played a role of conveying the knowledge they had acquired through training and experience to the students and provide guidance in the learning process. Students these were in search of knowledge and enrolled to the preparatory school to learn and prepare themselves for college. Parents these were the providers for the students needs and wants and also provided guidance. Board of regents/schools administrators ensured that the learning process runs smoothly DPS This group was in search of giving meaning to life through reciting poetry inspired by their teacher. Study groups formed for the sole purpose of co operating in studying and learning among students. Affiliates these acted as references or catalysts in either shaping or making the students behave in a certain way or achieve particular goals in their lives. Evaluation In the movie of Dead Poets Society, we see the culture of the Welton academy had very traditional and reflecting one of the most significant way which was influenced to the student and other social group. However the movie showed that Welton Academy was closely bound to the students families which were usually provided generation to generations of their forefathers had attended the school so that students automatically had to follow their tradition and principle like tradition, honor, discipline and excellence. According to the movie Dead Poets Society, there are some strong groups where culture of the school and those groups are influence each other. Welton Academy was an interdisciplinary foundation where some elements of culture were illustrate to the teachers, students, parents or guardians group, school administration group and affiliates group to symbolic perspective of thinking, established guidelines and structures in their attempts to motivate and inspire each other. At the beginning of the story hallways, dormitories and class room are steadily introduced to the group of students that are at the center of the story. Students group has leadership abilities like Neil, self-confident and about to discover the inspiring power of poetry like Charlie Dalton are individually influences by the teacher group and administration group. Mr. Keating, English literature teacher was explored and motivated some elements of culture and illustrate to the students to desire for charismatic leadershi p, change raises question concerning about literature and real life. In parents group, we see most clearly in the value tight spot faced by Neil Perry and the opposition to his father. Neil and his father relationship were a struggle for control of all disagreements like battles with win-lose outcomes. Neil had wished to be an actor and knew that it would definitely be against his fathers wished. Another linked between parents and students group was Todd and his family. Todds parents had given him the same desk set which he got two following years and that was upsetting him. Instead to administration group, it was encouraging conformity through seduction to the students group. In this movie Students made a group name Dead poets society (DPS) which was insolence and penalize the deviant by the administration. But this group would be continued of some students to take part by all kind of persuade, pressure and negotiate. Neil was a leader in that group activity who praises his accompl ishments and shares personal secrets with others. Moreover, In our view of Dead poets society movie, the dissimilarity of above mention groups like teachers, students, parents, boarding of regents or schools administrators, dead poet society, study groups and also affiliates can be observed in the roles each group plays and we can see they are linked to each other.